Thai Binh agriculture promotes tradition, innovation and integration for development
In the history, Thai Binh is proud to be the first province in the North to achieve the productivity of 5 tons of rice/ha. In the process of agricultural industrialization and modernization, Thai Binh Agriculture has made steady progress, achieved many important achievements in all fields, and created a driving force for promoting rapid and sustainable development of production.
In recent years, Thai Binh rice productivity has been stable at over 130 quintals/ha.
Flow of history
According to historical sources, in the middle of the first millennium, many lands in Thai Binh province were quite crowded with people living mainly on cultivation of wet rice and fishing of seafood and aquatic products. The construction of dyke, embankment, canal, digging of ditch, and construction of culvert embankment have replaced the method of wet rice cultivation based on the ebb and flow of extremely passive tides in the early days. In order to enhance soil quality, Thai Binh farmers have long known to take advantage of many sources of fertilizer along with the techniques of ploughing the ground loose and raking carefully to transplant rice with high productivity. Especially, many localities in Thai Binh are famous for developing and cultivating a fertilizer source that creates much nutrition for the soil, and it is suitable for rice. That is the technique of selecting and propagating water hyacinth in villages: La Van (Quynh Phu), Bich Du (Thai Thuy), Bung (Vu Thu)... The results of diligence and creativity in labor, especially in the tradition of intensive wet rice cultivation have turned the ancient Thai Binh wasteland into a granary of the whole country.
Throughout the history of the feudal period, Thai Binh was always chosen as a food warehouse to ensure the military supplies for the army and a strong military base. During the resistance war against the French colonialist and the American imperialist, Thai Binh was a strong rear with the slogan “overweight rice, excessive soldiers”. In 1966, Thai Binh was the first province in the North to achieve the rice productivity of 5,044 tons/ha, marking a milestone in the golden history page of Thai Binh Agriculture. Implementing the teaching of beloved Uncle Ho, striving to make Thai Binh an exemplary province in all aspects, Thai Binh Party Committee and people always consider agricultural production as the top task, launch the emulation movement of good production and labor, in the fields, there were slogan: “5-ton field against the US”, “5-ton hero”. As a result, the rice productivity continuously increased, in 10 years (1965 - 1974) Thai Binh contributed 464,663 tons of food to the central government, exceeding the assigned plan. After the war (period of 1975 - 1985), under the leadership of the Party, with the motto of production development “from land and labor strength going out, from rice and pig going up”, Thai Binh Party Committee promoted general strength, gradually developed the economy, improved the people’s lives. The whole province focused on reorganizing production and improving the management of agricultural cooperatives in parallel with promoting the development of industrial and small-scale industrial production. During this period, Thai Binh created a new shift in intensive farming to increase crop productivity, especially intensive farming of rice, expanding the cultivation area, and improving productivity. By 1985, rice productivity of the whole province increased to 7 tons/ha.
Implementing the renovation policy of the Party, along with mechanisms and policies to encourage production development, the support of the levels, sectors and efforts of the people, the agriculture and rural areas in Thai Binh had gigantic development step and achieved new milestones. Implementing the policy of industrialization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas, the Standing Committee of the Provincial Party Committee promulgated some special subject resolutions, focused on production development, promoted the application of scientific and technical advances, and built the pilot models of renovating agricultural production structure in the direction of large-scale commodity production.
In the recent years, Thai Binh’s rice productivity has reached stably of over 130 quintals/ha, it is always one of the leading provinces in the country, food output reaches over 1 million tons/year, contributing to ensuring food security of the country. Building sample fields, accumulating field and land and planning concentrated commodity production areas, converting crop structure, effectively deploying the crops in many localities for vegetables and fruits with high economic value such as: waky pumpkin, cucumber, pear shaped melon, tomato, chili, sweet corn, medicinal plant, fruit tree...
Breeding develops under the model of large-scale farms and family farms with modern technology. Aquatic products develop comprehensively including aquaculture, fishing and processing; the scale of output increases gigantically; from small production to become one of the breakthrough points in agricultural economic development of the province. The forms of concentrated, semi-intensive and intensive aquaculture are quite common; especially, oyster breeding of coastal communes is at a rather high level, the oyster output reaches over 70,000 tons/year, the largest one in the country and becomes a key exported item in the province’s agriculture. Exploitation of aquatic products has changed strongly from coastal exploitation to mid-range and offshore exploitation. A series of means of exploitation are newly built and modern fishing equipment has expanded the fishing ground, improved output, quality and efficiency of production and business while contributing to firmly protecting the sovereignty of the sea and islands of the Fatherland.
In 2025, Thai Binh will strive to mechanize all production stages.
Continue to change vigorously
In order to continue to promote the tradition and make a worthy contribution to the general development of the province, the central solution in the coming time is to continue to implement synchronously and effectively the solutions to renovate the structure of agriculture and construction of new rural areas in order to create a breakthrough in developing modern, efficient, sustainable agriculture adaptable to climate change and international integration. Implement the production according to the process of good agricultural production practice in order to develop intensive and large-scale farming production to increase value, accelerate the transfer of structure of crop plants and structure of crops to develop the crop plants, winter crops; reduce the area of inefficient rice cultivation to grow high-value vegetables.
In the field of breeding, continue to promote the application of science and technology such as organic farming, VietGAHP safe breeding, associate and cooperate the breeding according to the value chain from production, processing to product consumption, build disease safety region to direct toward export. Organize effective deployment of the project on development of commercial buffalo and cow herds under the association chain in the period of 2019 - 2025 and the following years in order to accelerate the transfer of breeding structure in the province.
In the field of fisheries, develop aquaculture in the direction of high and sustainable growth; strengthen the socialization of resources for construction investment of infrastructure in concentrated aquaculture areas. Maintain and expand the high-tech shrimp farming area; develop cage fish farming under the planning; propagandize and guide the farmers to apply good aquaculture processes, diversify the breeding objects with high economic value. Promote offshore fishing associated with protection and development of fisheries resources.