Sustainable development under leadership of glorious Party (Part II)
Just established, the Party Committee of Thai Binh launched and led a vibrant and strong revolutionary movement in the whole province, typically two “landslide” demonstrations by farmers in Duyen Ha - Tien Hung ( May 1st, 1930) and peasants in Tien Hai (October 14th, 1930), making important contributions to the revolutionary movement in the years 1930-1931 of the Party.
On February 3rd, 1930, the conference that unified 3 communist organizations into one party, the Communist Party of Vietnam (in Huong Cang, China) strongly encouraged the revolutionary movement in the country. In order to increase the fighting strength of the Party Committee, at the same time to make each party member a nucleus to lead the masses, the Party Committee of Thai Binh had stepped up the Party building work in both ideological and organizational terms; conducted enlightenment program on the spirit of struggle, gathered the strength of the masses against colonialism and feudalism; organized a rally to explain the Party unification policy to the revolutionary cadres, party members and masses.
Responding to the nationwide revolutionary climax launched by the Party Central Committee on the International Labor Day May 1st, Thai Binh Provincial Party Committee launched an unprecedented struggle to demonstrate the power of the masses and resolved a number of urgent demands of the people's life, opposed the brutal act of repression by the French colonialists. The main force and spearhead of the protest wá o the Than - Duyen Party Cells (Tien Hung - Hung Ha). On the night of April 30th, 1930, leaflets were spread in many places in the province, especially the three districts of Hung Nhan, Duyen Ha and Tien Hung. Early in the morning of May 1st, 1930 (International Labor Day), the signal drums rang out in the villages of Than - Duyen Party Cells urging people to take part in the event. That day was the same day when the Kho market (Hoa Lu commune, Dong Hung district) took place, but different from the previous days, too many people flocked to the market that day. This is also the place to gather mass groups of the two districts Tien Hung and Duyen Ha to hold a demonstration march, crossing Tho Vuc boat station (Dong Phu commune, Dong Hung district) to Thai Binh town (now Thaibinh city). After the speech of a member in the leadership committee, Mr. Tran Dang Loc led the protest group to raise red flags, with the symbol of hammer and sickle, followed by two people carrying banners with the words: The French colonists must reduce taxes, reduce collection; provide rice for the people; release the detainees; pay money for the destroyed village; allow free travel and meeting. Under each banner, there was a line namely "Communist Party of Vietnam". The protesters included nearly 1,000 people wearing paper tapes writing the slogan "Long live the international Labour day". They were spreading leaflets and chanting the slogan. While the protesters were on the verge of moving toward Thai Binh town, the masses of the two districts Vu Tien and Thu Tri gathered from all directions, waiting for coordination to enter the offices to protest. Thai Binh town was chaotic, offices were closed.
However, the protesters were stopped by the enemy at Sinh sewer (3km from the town). They brutally used guns against the masses; many were wounded, and taken away by the enemy. At about 11 a.m, the protesters were forced to disband. The mass forces waiting on the back line secretly disbanded, especially the people of Vu Tien district changed to a new form of struggle, dragged into the district capital to demand the money for completion of road embankment and denounced the French colonialists and landlords on heavy taxes pushing farmers into misery and hardship. Although the protests of farmers Tien Hung - Duyen Ha did not achieve the desired victory, it confirmed the solidarity strength and indomitable fighting spirit of our people under the leadership of the Communist Party. That was also the opening signal for the struggle movements in the following years and months of the Party Committee and the people of Thai Binh, most notable was the protest of farmers Tien Hai on October 14th, 1930.
Banyan tree in Hoa Lu commune (Dong Hung) - where the demonstration of farmers Tien Hung - Duyen Ha took place on May 1st, 1930.
After the International Labor Anniversary on May 1st, 1930, the revolutionary movement across the country developed rapidly, becoming a climax with the peak of Soviet Nghe Tinh. Implementing the Party's policy, Thai Binh Provincial Party Committee launched a movement to join with Nghe Tinh farmers, choosing Tien Hai, where there was a thriving party organization and mass organization as a trigger to raise the struggle movement in Thai Binh. On October 7th, 1930, the party members' conference was convened at Mr. Vu Nhu's house (Nho Lam village) to discuss the content, form and method of fighting; chose the date of October 14, 1930 as the opening day of the struggle of Tien Hai people, at the same time appointed the leaders of movement, formed the specialized departments including: self-defense committee, traffic department; made speeches, flags, slogans, flyers ...
At 5:00 a.m. on October 14, 1930, the drum sound of Nho Lam village emerged, followed by drums in Dong Cao and Thanh Giam with loud speakers and firecrackers as a signal to gather the masses of three protest groups of the three villages which combined into a group of more than 700 people. Under the command of Mr. Phan Ai, the protesters frantically advanced toward the district of Tien Hai. A man holding a large red flag with a hammer and sickle led the protesters. The groups of people were walking while chanting the slogan. This attracted more people along the way to participate. The protesters approached the district gate when the officials panicked and slammed the gate. The district governor Phan Duy Tiep left his office to hide. In the district, only clerk Be Van Khanh and 16 soldiers remained. Frightened by the fierce fighting spirit of the revolutionary masses, Bế Văn Khánh ordered soldiers to shoot at the protesters, but the soldiers only shot the air (because they had been propagated by us). Meanwhile, the spirit of the protesters increased more and more, people rushed in to demand the opening of the gate of the district, demanding to accept the claim ... Facing the pressure of the protesters, Be Van Khanh drew guns and forced the soldiers to shoot at the protesters, killing 8 people and injuring 13 people.
Mr. Luong Van Sang, one of the participants was seriously injured. Before his death, he also shouted: "Long live the Vietnamese Communist Party". The enemy terrorized the protesters and arrested 40 people, including 6 party members and Mr. Phan Ai - the leader of the protest. At 10 a.m, the protest disbanded. Immediately after news of the protest broke out, General Vi Van Dinh, Chief of Secret Service, Inspector and a battalion soldiers went to Tien Hai from the province. They both scoured the area of the demonstration and had soldiers block the streets to search for the participants. More brutally, they ordered the torture of the bodies of comrades who had died and buried in the same grave. Two days later they ordered to dig up again to take identification photos. In order to eradicate the roots of the revolution, they carried out brutal persecution in three villages Nho Lam, Dong Cao, Thanh Giam as well as neighboring villages, arrested 78 people, including 33 party members, 8 women. Mr. Phan Ai was hung upside down on a wisteria tree in front of Nho Lam communal house, brutally beaten and tortured by them. However, they could not subdue the spirit and will of the communists. He did not give a word; enemy only received the answer: "All the work that happened is done by me. I lead, what we do is the righteousness, you do not need to ask."
The protest on October 14th, 1930 of farmers in Tien Hai caused a great echo domestically and internationally. The Tonkin Party Committee promptly launched the whole country movement to oppose the French colonialists to white terrorist the Tien Hai peasant movement. Workers Hon Gai, Hai Phong, Hanoi, Hai Duong repeatedly distributed leaflets in response and denounced enemy crimes against farmers in Tien Hai. More than 300 farmers Ngoc Lu, Binh Luc (Ha Nam) demonstrated and gave speeches on October 20, 1930 in support of workers and farmers in Nghe Tinh and farmers in Tien Hai.
The protest on October 14, 1930 in Tien Hai together with the struggles of farmers Kien Xuong, Thu Tri, Thai Ninh, Duyen Ha, Tien Hung ... not only made Thai Binh one of the places where there are The strongest revolutionary movement in Tonkin was evaluated by the Party Central Standing Committee on November 18, 1930, in fact it was also a landmark historical event, marking a qualitative development of the movement. farmers in Tonkin since the leadership of the Party. In a letter to all levels of the party, the Communist Party of Tonkin affirmed: "The bloody demonstration in Tien Hai (Thai Binh) may be the first step for all the mass farmers to fight hard in Tonkin".
Mr. Nghiem Xuan Tho, a 73-year-old party member, Vi Giang village, Chi Hoa commune (Hung Ha) The protest of farmers Tien Hung - Duyen Ha led by Lien Chi Minh Than - Duyen broke out on May 1, 1930, when I was 9 years old. Although it only took place in a short time and was subjected to the brutal suppression of the French colonialists, this event caused a great resounding, creating waves of demonstrations by peasants throughout the province. 90 years have passed. South from the time the country was still immersed in domination, war until the great achievements of today.
Veteran Nguyen Tang, a 72-year-old Party member, Doai village, Tay Giang commune (Tien Hai) I was born when the Communist Party of Vietnam was born and also when the Party that led the protest on October 14, 1930 of farmers Tien Hai was compared to the Soviet Union Nghe Tinh of Thai Binh during the revolutionary period. 1930 - 1931. It was this revolutionary cradle that fostered and nurtured me to strive, to make every effort to stand in the ranks of the Party and to dedicate my youth to the cause of building and defending the Patriarch. country. Looking at the homeland to innovate today cannot forget the great merits and sacrifices of the class of homeland children. I wish that the young generation of Tien Hai in particular and Thai Binh in general will continue to strive and continue the revolutionary career of their father in order to build a rich and civilized homeland.